Tag Archives: 60201 dentist

Cosmetic Dentistry

People smilingWhat is cosmetic dentistry and how can it improve my smile?

Dr. Marinic can perform a variety of cosmetic procedures to improve your smile—from subtle changes to major repairs.  There are many techniques and options to treat teeth that are discolored, chipped, misshapen, or missing.  Dr. Marinic can reshape your teeth, close spaces, restore worn teeth, or alter the length of your teeth.  Common procedures include teeth whitening, bonding (white fillings or composites), caps, crowns, veneers, and reshaping and contouring.

What is teeth whitening?White teeth

Teeth whitening is a common and popular chemical process used to lighten teeth.  Some people get their teeth whitened to make stains disappear, while others just want a brighter smile.  Discoloration, which occurs in the enamel, can be caused by medication, coffee, tea, and cigarettes.  Discoloration also can be due to your genetic make up or simply from aging.  Teeth whitening can be performed by Dr. Marinic in the office or, under dental supervision, at home.

What is bonding (white fillings or composites)?

Bonding is the use of tooth-colored material to fill in gaps or change the color of teeth.  Bonding lasts several years and often requires only a single office visit.  Bonding is more susceptible to Silver and white fillingsstaining or chipping than other forms of restoration.   When teeth are chipped or slightly decayed, bonded composite resins may be the material of choice.  Bonding also is used to fill small cavities, to close spaces between teeth, or to cover the entire outside surface of a tooth.

What are veneers?Veneers

Veneers are placed over the front teeth to change the color or shape of your teeth.  Veneers are used on teeth with uneven surfaces; on teeth that are chipped, discolored, oddly shaped, unevenly spaced, or crooked; or on teeth that already have large fillings placed.  Veneers are thin pieces of porcelain or plastic that are cemented over the front of your teeth.  Veneers are used to treat some of the same problems that bonding is used to treat.  Veneers also are an alternative to crowns.

What should I look for in a cosmetic dentist?

In order to make sure your dentist is skilled in cosmetic dentistry, the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD) recommends that you ask Dr. Marinic for the following items before undergoing treatment:

  • Before and after photos – These photos will allow you to examine the results of other patients being treated by Dr. Marinic to make sure his work fits your dental needs.
  • References – References allow you to get a sense of the quality of care the Dr. Marinic provides.
  • Proof of continuing education – Dr. Marinic has taken continuing education courses to keep him up-to-date with the latest techniques in clinical cosmetic dentistry.  Dr. Marinic can answer the questions you have about the techniques used to improve your smile.

Continuing Education – Is It Really Necessary?

Dentists learning and workingContinuing education (CE) is an important component of overall professional excellence for dentists and other health care professionals.  By choosing a general dentist who frequently participates in CE programs, like Dr. Marinic, you can trust that he is up-to-date in the field of dentistry and will provide your entire family with quality treatment.

What is CE?Students learning in dental school

CE consists of classes, courses, and organized learning programs.  Dentists participate in CE after they graduate from dental school so that they can stay up-to-date in their field and learn about the latest techniques and procedures, such as laser dentistry, cosmetic procedures, or sleep dentistry.  Some CE classes are free to the dentist, and others cost thousands of dollars.

Who is required to take CE?

Doctors, dentists, and psychologists are among the many professionals required to take predetermined amounts of CE to maintain licensure and certification so that they may continue to practice within a particular state or region. 

What are professional designations?

Professional designations are given by professional bodies and organizations as a means to apply professional standards, increase the level of practice, and better serve the public.  Attaining a professional designation usually requires the completion of specific training (via CE) and/or passing an exam.

What are Fellows of the AGD?Adult learning

A general dentist who has earned Fellowship in the AGD (FAGD) has completed a minimum of 500 FAGD-approved CE hours, passed a comprehensive exam, and has been an AGD member for three continuous years.  Dr. Marinic has earned this designation.

What are Masters of the AGD?

A general dentist who has earned Mastership in the AGD (MAGD) has completed a structured and demanding set of requirements.  After receiving their FAGD, these dentists must complete a challenging course of hands-on study in 16 dental disciplines, totaling 600 hours of CE, to earn their MAGD.  Dr. Marinic has completed 90% of his requirements to earn is Mastership in the AGD.

How do these award designations benefit me?

Dr. Marinic cares about the long-term oral health of you and your family and demonstrates that concern by participating in CE.  The general dentist who remains current in general dentistry is better able to offer you and your family a variety of diagnosis and treatment choices.

GERD – What is it good for? Absolutely Nothing

Man with heart burnMore than 10 percent of Americans experience the burning and discomfort of heartburn every day.  What many don’t know is that heartburn, or acid indigestion, is a common symptom of chronic acid reflux, also known as gastroesopheageal reflux disease (GERD).

What is acid reflux and GERD?

Acid reflux occurs when muscles of the lower esophagus relax and allow Digestive systemstomach acids to flow upwards into the esophagus and even the mouth.  These stomach acids can cause irritation and inflammation of the esophagus while negatively impacting your oral health.  Acid reflux may progress further, developing into GERD.  In patients who have GERD, the esophageal muscles are unable to keep stomach acids from flowing upwards, causing corrosion of the esophageal lining and the uncomfortable burning sensation associated with heartburn.

Signs and symptoms

Though often times difficult to detect, GERD can be associated with the following signs and symptoms:Woman coughing

  • Heartburn
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Regurgitation
  • Burning sensation in mouth
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea, vomiting, belching
  • Chronic coughing
  • Erosion of tooth enamel
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Chipping, discoloration of teeth
  • Bad breath

How does GERD affect your oral health?

Tooth erosionIn addition to damaging the esophagus and increasing your risk of esophageal cancer, over time GERD can erode tooth enamel.  Research indicates tooth enamel begins to erode at a pH, or acid level, of 5.5.  With a pH of less than 2.0, your stomach acid can easily damage tooth enamel and cause increased tooth sensitivity, decay, discoloration, and chipping.

Treatments and lifestyle modifications

GERD can be diagnosed by your physician using a variety of tests, including pH monitoring, X-rays, or endoscopy.  Though GERD is a chronic condition, its symptoms can be treated using medications and lifestyle modifications.  In addition to taking over-the-counter antacids and prescription H2 receptor blockers, you can reduce GERD symptoms by:

  • Avoiding trigger foods and beverages, including chocolate, spicy/greasyGreasy food foods, tomato-based foods, alcohol, and coffee
  • Quitting smoking
  • Refraining from eating several hours before bed, or lying down two to three hours after eating
  • Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
  • Avoiding tight clothing

Protect your teeth against acid reflux

Practicing good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent acid reflux or GERD from damaging your teeth and causing decay.  In addition to brushing twice a day, you can take the following steps to ensure GERD doesn’t impact your oral health:

  • Visit our dental office at least twice a year for tooth enamel evaluation
  • Use dentin-sensitive toothpaste
  • Rinse your mouth with water following acid reflux episodes
  • Do not brush your teeth for 60 minutes after consuming acidic foods or drinks
  • Dissolve baking soda in water and swish around the mouth after acid reflux occurs
  • Receive fluoride treatments to strengthen your teeth
  • Wear a dentist-prescribed mouth guard at night to prevent acid from damaging your teeth
  • Avoid over-the-counter antacids, especially at night, that have high sugar content

If you believe you may be at risk for acid reflux or GERD, speak with Dr. Marinic or your primary physician.  Though GERD can be incredibly damaging to your oral health, lifestyle modifications and treatment can help ensure your teeth remain safe and healthy.

This article has been modified from The Academy of General Dentistry.

 

Is Everything OK in Your Mouth?

Dorothy cleaningRegular dental exams not only help decrease your risk of oral diseases, such as cavities and gum (periodontal) disease, but may also help to diagnose other, sometimes life-threatening, medical conditions.  Dr. Marinic is an important part of your health care team.  He is able to assess your overall oral health and may recognize symptoms of serious diseases, including diabetes and cancer, which often manifest as signs and symptoms inside your mouth.  There are many diseases with oral manifestations that, in many cases, may first present in the mouth.

Diabetes

More than 25 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes. Diabetes is associated with high levels of blood sugar and is known to lower resistancGum diseasee to infection and increase the chance of the following:

  • Gum disease, including gums that bleed easily or are tender and swollen
  • Tooth decay
  • Taste impairment
  • Inflammatory skin disease
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Changes in teeth position

Additionally, patients with diabetes (especially those with dentures) are more likely to experience oral fungal infections, including thrush (oral candidiasis).

Oral cancer

During your regularly scheduled dental check up, Dr. Marinic will also search for signs of oral cancer.  Oral indicators of cancer include:Oral cancer

  • Sores that bleed easily or do not heal
  • Crusted, rough areas of skin
  • Lumps or thick hard spots
  • Red, brown, or white patches
  • Changes in the lymph nodes or other tissues around the mouth and neck
  • Tenderness or pain, numbness inside the mouth
  • Changes in the way the teeth fit together

While Dr. Marinic will check all his patients for these signs and symptoms, patients with a history of smoking, using smokeless tobacco, or drinking heavily are at an increased risk for developing oral cancer.

Eating disorders

Eating disorderEating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, physically damage both your oral and overall health.  These disorders, which include patterns of insufficient food intake or excessive food intake with purging, can rob the body of much needed vitamins and minerals.  These vitamin and mineral deficiencies can present themselves orally.   Without proper nutrition, the gums can lose their healthy pink color and become increasingly soft and tender, bleeding easily.

Additionally, disorders that involve excessive vomiting, such as bulimia, can cause discoloration and erosion of the teeth through constant contact with stomach acid. Those with eating disorders may also experience:

  • Swollen salivary glands
  • Dry mouth
  • Thin, sensitive teeth
  • Loss of tooth enamel

Alcohol use disorders

Alcohol use disorders affect more than 17 million adults in the United StatesAlcoholic beverages alone.  In addition to causing irreparable social and medical problems, alcohol use disorders can severely impact your oral health.  Dentists treating patients with alcohol abuse problems may observe the following signs and symptoms:

  • Tooth decay
  • Tooth erosion
  • Moderate to severe gingivitis (gum disease)
  • Gum irregularities
  • Poor dental hygiene

Be proactive about your oral health

Diseases that negatively impact your general health also can damage your teeth, gums, and mouth.  Regularly scheduled dental exams allow Dr. Marinic to detect or monitor these diseases and recommend treatment.  Patients should inform Dr. Marinic about all medical conditions they have or medicines they are taking, which may affect their oral health.  Remember, maintaining a healthy body includes taking care of your oral health.

Hormones and Women’s Oral Health

What do hormones have to do with a woman’s oral health?5 generations of women

Hormonal changes occur throughout a woman’s life, and with these hormonal changes come changes in oral health.  Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause all can have an effect on a woman’s oral health.  The use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) can affect a woman’s oral health as well.

When might I notice changes in my oral health?

During puberty, fluctuations in hormones can make gums morTeenage girle susceptible to gingivitis. As a result, the gums may appear red and swollen, and they can bleed.  During menstruation, women who have a tendency to develop canker sores and cold sores may develop a pattern in which these sores recur during every menstrual cycle.

Woman holding newbornDuring pregnancy, gingivitis may develop.  In fact, gingivitis is the most common oral condition associated with being pregnant. Sometimes, however, women will avoid dental checkups for fear that treatment might harm the developing baby.  In truth, untreated gum infections and decayed teeth can put a mother and her baby at risk. Dental infections may be responsible for as much as 5 percent of low-birth-weight pre-term babies.  Pregnant women need routine checkups.  Always tell Dr. Marinic and his team if you are pregnant.

Some women also experience dry mouth while pregnant.  Taking frequentPregnant woman brushing teeth sips of water and chewing sugarless gum or candy can help alleviate this symptom.  Women who experience morning sickness need to brush their teeth more frequently than twice a day.  This will help to prevent stomach acids from contacting the teeth and causing permanent damage to tooth enamel. 

The use of oral contraceptives may cause gum tissue changes in some women.  Women who use birth control pills may also be more prone to healing problems or dry socket after tooth extraction. 

Older woman smilingDuring menopause, women may experience oral changes that include pain, a burning sensation in the oral tissue, changes in taste, and dry mouth.  After menopause, there is an increased risk of developing osteoporosis, which may increase the chance of tooth loss.

How can I maintain good oral health throughout my life?

  • Brush twice daily with toothpaste containing fluoride and floss once daily
  • Have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined by your dentist every six months (or more frequently if recommended by your dentist)
  • Eat a well-balanced diet, and always tell Dr. Marinic and his team about any medications, vitamins, and supplements that you are taking

Ask Dr. Marinic any questions that you have about your oral health.  Together, you and Dr. Marinic can create a treatment and prevention plan that specifically meets your needs.

Not All General Dentist’s are Created Equal

What is the Academy of General Dentistry?

academy_of_general_dentistry_60143The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) is a professional association of more than 37,000 general dentists from the United States and Canada.  Founded in 1952, the AGD has grown to become the second largest dental association in the United States.  It’s the only association that exclusively represents the needs and interests of general dentists.  The AGD Headquarters office is located in Chicago, Ill.

What is a general dentist?

General dentists are the primary dental care providers for patients of all Dr. Marinic talking to patientages. They can provide overall oral health care for you and your family.  Your general dentist, Dr. Marinic, manages the diagnosis, treatment, and overall coordination of services to meet your oral health needs.  If you need a dental procedure performed by a specialist (endodontist, periodontist, oral and maxillofacial surgeon, etc…) Dr. Marinic, as your general dentist, will work with other dentists to make sure you get the care you need.

How does Dr. Marinic’s membership in the AGD benefit you?

Dentists learningDr. Marinic cares about long term dental health for you and your family and demonstrates that concern by belonging to the AGD.  AGD members are dedicated to continuing education to help them stay up-to-date on the latest procedures to provide you and your family with quality treatment.  Dr. Marinic remains current in general dentistry and is better able to offer you and your family a variety of diagnosis’ and treatment choices.

What are the requirements to become an AGD member?AGD Impact

Members never stop learning since the AGD requires its members to participate in at least 75 hours of continuing education every three years. Despite the requirement, however, surveys show that AGD members average more than 40 hours each year.  Dr. Marinic averages more than 50 hours each year.

What is Fellowship in the AGD?

To earn a Fellowship Award in the AGD (FAGD), Dr. Marinic had to complete a minimum of 500 continuing dental education credit hours, pass a comprehensive exam, and have been an AGD member for three continuous years.  After membership_l1receiving his Fellowship, Dr. Marinic was able to publicize his award by adding the FAGD designation to his name.

What is Mastership in the AGD?

Dr. Marinic is now on his way to attaining a Mastership Award in the AGD (MAGD).  He must earn an additional 600 approved continuing dental education credits, meeting minimum requirements in certain dental disciplines, of which 400 hours are hands-on courses.  He is 90% of the way there.  After receiving Mastership, Dr. Marinic may publicize his award by adding the MAGD designation to his or her name.

Dry Mouth Solutions

Woman biting into hamburgerSaliva production is important, not only for the digestion of the food we eat, but also to cleanse and moisten our mouths.  Saliva is also important to help prevent infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth.  We don’t think much about what would happen if we did not have enough saliva production, but it affects thousands of people every day.  The majority of us produce enough saliva to prevent any problems, but what happens if we are unable to produce enough saliva?

When we are unable to produce enough, our mouth gets dry (xerostomia) and uncomfortable.  Is it a condition we are destined to live with, or are their effective treatments for a dry mouth?

Let’s look at some of the causes of dry mouth:

  • Certain medicationsPill bottles
  • Certain diseases
  • Certain medical treatments
  • Nerve damage
  • Dehydration
  • Surgical removal of salivary glands
  • Smoking

Woman holding throatCommon symptoms of dry mouth may include:

  • A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth
  • Frequent thirst
  • Sores in the mouth; sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth; cracked lips
  • A dry feeling in the throat
  • A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth and especially on the tongue
  • A dry, red, raw tongue
  • Problems speaking or difficulty tasting, chewing, and swallowing
  • Hoarseness, dry nasal passages, sore throat
  • Bad breath

Woman talking to doctorIf you think your dry mouth is caused by certain medication you are taking, talk to your primary physician.  They may adjust the dose you are taking or switch you to a different drug that doesn’t cause dry mouth.  In addition, an oral rinse to restore mouth moisture may be prescribed.  If that doesn’t help a medication that stimulates saliva production may be prescribed.

Other steps you can take that may help improve saliva flow include:Ice water

  • Sucking on sugar-free candy or chewing sugar-free gum
  • Drinking plenty of water to help keep your mouth moist
  • Protecting your teeth by brushing with a fluoride toothpaste, using a fluoride rinse, and visiting your dentist regularly
  • Breathing through your nose, not your mouth, as much as possible
  • Using a room vaporizer to add moisture to the bedroom air
  • Using an over-the-counter artificial saliva substitute

If dry mouth is a problem, there are solutions.  Talk to our team of service professionals at your next visit and we will be happy to help you.

Dentistry at It’s High Tech Finest

What does Hi-Tech dentistry mean to you?  Digital radiographs, 3-D imaging, white fillings, one-day crowns?  We have all heard the phrase used time and time again for different industries.  To the lay person, does hi-tech dentistry just mean that their dentist uses a  drill, not knowing that there are electric drills, high speed drills, etc…? Or that their hygienist uses a cavitron that uses water to help take off tarter and stain rather than just hand instruments?  Are all new technologies in dentistry worth the investment?

Daniel K. Marinic, DDS is a pioneer in the Evanston, Wilmette and North Shore community area on dental technology.  In 1996, Dr. Marinic lead the way in the use of CEREC “one visit crowns.”                                Benefit to the patient:  One visit to the dentist to prepare and place the crown

Dr. Marinic became the first dentist in 2007 to install the3D imaging Galileos Cone Beam 3D imager as a tool for diagnosis and treatment planning for those considering dental implants.  Benefit to the patient:  Dr. Marinic and the patient are able to see all the landmarks (major arteries, nerves and sinus’) in the mouth along with the amount of bone surrounding a possible implant, not just a 2-D image that may not show enough bone to hold an implant which could mean implant failure.

Dental imlant 3-D scanHe also uses SiCAT Guides, an innovative computer-aided design system to plan his patient’s dental implant surgery.  Benefit to the patient:  The dental implant is placed precisely in the right place possibly preventing complications.  Benefit to the patient:  The dental implant is placed precisely in the right place, possibly preventing complications.                                                                                                                    Taking out amalgam on patient

When removing mercury-containing amalgam fillings, Dr. Marinic uses the highest quality air filtration system from IQAir, a Swiss-based company with demonstrated high filtration efficiency.  Benefit to the patient:  This system provides safety for both doctor and patient when the toxic gases are released.

The Sirolase laser can be used to improve a “gummy” smile, to treat minor periodontal disease, and to treat cold sores.  Dr. Marinic has been using a soft-tissue laser for over 15 years.  Benefit to the patient:   The laser provides patients with a comfortable alternative to gum surgery, all without the scalpel, sutures and pain associated with traditional gum treatment and when caught early, cold sores do not appear.

Intraoral cameras are tiny digital cameras that fit comfortably in your mouth.  Dr. Marinic can see and magnify even the hard to reach places in your mouth, so that he can see exactly what is going on and show his patient’s what is going on as well.  A crack in a tooth can be seen with an intraoral camera, but not with an x-ray.  Benefit to the patient:  Earlier diagnosis of trouble spots in the mouth that can be compared visit to visit.

Digital X-Rays are a useful diagnostic tool when helping Dr. Marinic detect damage and disease between the teeth and below the gumline which are not visible during a dental exam.  Digital x-rays are stored in the computer and can be shared with specialists through email.  Benefit to the patient:  Dr. Marinic can enlarge the x-ray and alter the contrast of the x-ray to show minute details allowing him to find small defects the old film x-rays could not provide.

Technology is a wonderful aid in dentistry when used by a skilled technician.  Contact us today to see what benefits technology can bring to your smile.

Mouth Guards an Important Oral Aid for All Athletes

Mouth guard in hockey player Do you know an athlete that plays youth sports?  There are many activities adults and our children participate in that could put their teeth and gums in harms way:  Football, rugby, baseball, basketball, gymnastics, wrestling, soccer, handball, kick boxing.  Each of these activities can be dangerous to the teeth.  The ADA (The American Dental Association) recommends wearing a properly fitted athletic mouth guard.

Dr. Marinic usually recommends that his patients first try the Inexpensive athletic mouth guards which are worth the price when it comes to protecting those beautiful teeth.  There are several sport stores in Evanston area where you can purchase an appropriately sized mouth guard.  Dr. Marinic can also make you or your child a custom mouth guard at his office.  To further discuss you or your child’s options, call Dr. Marinic’s dental office at 847-475-8700.

Dr. Marinic: A Pioneer in Guided Implant Dentistry

Restoring dental implants has been a passion of Dr. Marinic’s for over 20 years.  His dental office in the Evanston area, just 2 blocks south of Wilmette has been providing dental implant technology that is state of the art.  In 2005 Dr. Marinic became the first general dentist in Illinois to be3-D scan certified in Nobel Biocare’s guided implant surgery.  In 2007, Dr. Marinic became the first dentist to install the Galileos Cone Beam 3D imager.  This is a tool for diagnosis and treatment planning for those considering dental implants.  Use of these tools virtually eliminates the guess work from implant surgery, and enables Dr. Marinic to see and plan for any complexities before he begins your treatment.

3-D scan on computer screenAn implant acts as an artificial root, which is anchored into the jaw where there is plenty of healthy bone.  (If there is not sufficient bone, Dr. Marinic will determine that beforehand and artificial bone will be placed.) The implant does not sit on any nerves, puncture any blood vessels, nor go into the sinus.  These are all landmarks that are seen with a 3-D scan.

Why is it important to have 3-D technology before placing an implant?  There are several stories of people that have had implants placed in non-optimal places and the implants have failed, have not integrated with the bone, or have fallen out.

A patient explains her story – “My sister was seeing a dentist in the northwest suburbs and was told she needed six (6) implants: Two (2) in the upper right which would be placed immediately and four (4) which would be placed on the bottom front in the future.  The dentist had determined this by taking 2-D image x-rays which they used in the office.  These are the “regular” x-rays we are all accustomed to.  They did not have 3-D technology in their office.

“After the two implants in the upper right were placed in her mouth, my sister kept complaining about pain where the implants were placed.  There was frequently a pus nodule that would form in the area, and the dentist put her on three (3) courses of antibiotics which eventually helped, but months later the pus nodule returned and so did the infection.

“We found Dr. Marinic on the internet and she went to him for a 3-D scan.  He was able to see that the implants were not in the bone and were placed very close to the sinus.  He removed both implants.  He also showed her that if the implants were placed in the lower front area, they may have punctured the artery that runs below the teeth.  These things do not show up on 2-D x-rays.”

What type of continued education does Dr. Marinic have in implant technology?

Dr. Marinic is a Master of the Prosthetic division of the ICOI (International Congress of Oral Implantologists), a Fellow of the IAOI (International Academy of Oral Implantology) and the AGD (Academy of General Dentistry).  He is also an associate Fellow of  the AAID (American Academy of Implant Dentistry).  He has completed more than 1300 hours of advanced clinical training in dental implant surgical and design techniques.  He has successfully completed hundreds of implant cases, from single implants to full mouth restorations, helping Evanston, Wilmette and neighboring residents restore their teeth to full health and function.  Call our office today (847-475-8700) and find out how Dr. Marinic can help you transform your smile.