Monthly Archives: May 2013

Fluoride Treatments – Are They Really Necessary?

Water and faucetFluoride is a natural mineral that is found in various concentrations in soil and drinking water.

Why is fluoride important?

Every day, a tooth’s enamel (the outer layer that makes a tooth hard) has minerals both added to it (remineralization) and removed from it (demineralization).  During Tooth anatomyremineralization, minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are added to the enamel layer via foods and drinks that contain these minerals.  Minerals are lost (demineralization) when acids—from bacteria in the mouth and certain foods and drinks – attack the enamel.  Tooth decay results when the enamel loses more minerals than it receives.

How does fluoride prevent tooth decay?

Fluoride helps to prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks.  Fluoride also helps to speed remineralization of erupted teeth in both children and adults.

Where is fluoride found?

Fluoride toothpasteAlthough some foods, such as seafood and certain teas, naturally contain fluoride, the primary source of fluoride is drinking water.  Tap water in most cities in the United States contains fluoride.  Some, but not all, bottled waters contain fluoride.  Fluoride also can be applied directly to teeth through toothpastes and mouth rinses that contain fluoride.  You can buy these products at most pharmacies and grocery stores.

Dr. Marinic and/or his hygienist can also apply fluoride directly to your teeth in the form of a gel, foam, or varnish.  These products contain a much higher level of fluoride than toothpastes and mouth rinses.

When should fluoride use begin?

Infants and children between the ages of 6 months and 16 years shouldInfant smiling receive fluoride.  Their primary teeth and permanent teeth develop during these ages, so the stronger their enamel is, the better.  Because most children receive their first permanent teeth at around age 6, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends prescribing fluoride supplements for children between the ages of 6 and 16 who are at high risk for dental caries and whose community water source is less than optimal.  In areas that have minimal fluoride in the water, fluoride supplementation may begin earlier.

Although fluoride is an immediate concern for children and adolescents, adults also can benefit from fluoride.  Topical fluoride – including toothpastes, mouth rinses, and fluoride treatments – is as important for fighting tooth decay in adults as it is for strengthening the teeth of children.

When is additional fluoride necessary?

Additional fluoride treatment can benefit children and adults with certain oral conditions, including dry mouth, gum disease, and cavities.  Dry mouth makes an individual more prone to tooth decay because the decreased saliva production makes it harder to wash away food particles and thus decrease the cavity-causing acids.  Gum disease can expose more of the tooth and tooth roots to bacteria, increasing the chance of tooth decay.  Patients who have many cavities and develop new ones each year may benefit from additional fluoride treatment.

Additional fluoride might also be appropriate for patients with crowns, bridges, and braces, as the portion of the tooth that isn’t covered by a crown, bridge, or brace may be at greater risk for tooth decay.  To find out if you and/or your children are receiving enough fluoride or should consider fluoride treatment or supplements, ask Dr. Marinic.  He may prescribe fluoride supplements (in liquid or pill form) or offer suggestions for increasing the amount of fluoride you receive.

To Floss or Not to Floss – THAT is the Question

Do I really need to floss?

dental flossYes.  Floss removes plaque and debris that sticks to teeth and gums in between teeth, polishes tooth surfaces, and controls bad breath.  Flossing is the single most important weapon against plaque and, in some ways, more important than the toothbrush.  By flossing your teeth daily, you increase the chance of keeping them for a lifetime and decrease the chance of getting gum disease.  Many people don’t spend enough time flossing and many never have been taught the proper way to floss.

Floss at least once a day and spend at least two or three minutes.

Which type of floss is the best?Types of floss

Dental floss comes in many forms: 

  • Waxed and unwaxed
  • Flavored and unflavored
  • Wide and regular

They all clean and remove plaque.  Wide floss, also known as dental tape, may be helpful for people with a lot of bridgework and is usually recommended when the spaces between teeth are wide.  Waxed floss might be easier to slide between tight teeth with very little space between.  The unwaxed floss, however, makes a squeaking sound to let you know your teeth are clean.  Bonded unwaxed floss does not fray as easily as regular unwaxed floss, but does tear more than waxed floss.

How should I floss?

Woman c-flossingThe spool method:  Take an 18-inch piece of floss and wind the bulk of the floss lightly around the middle finger.  (Don’t cut off your finger’s circulation!)  Wind the rest of the floss similarly around the same finger of the opposite hand.  This finger takes up the floss as it becomes unusable.  Maneuver the floss between teeth with your index fingers and thumbs.  Bring the floss up and down several times forming a “C” shape around the tooth being sure to go below the gum line.

The loop method: This method is suited for children or adults with lessLoop floss nimble hands, poor muscular coordination or arthritis.  Take an 18-inch piece of floss and make it into a circle.  Tie it securely with three knots.  Place all of the fingers, except the thumb, within the loop.  Use your index fingers to guide the floss through the lower teeth, and use your thumbs to guide the floss through the upper teeth, going below the gum line forming a “C” on the side of the tooth.

Do I need a waterpick?

Waterpicks should not be used as a substitute for brushing and flossing.  They are effective, however, around orthodontic braces that retain food in areas a toothbrush cannot reach.  Unlike flossing, waterpicks do not remove plaque. Dentists frequently recommend waterpicks for people with gum disease.

 

Cosmetic Dentistry

People smilingWhat is cosmetic dentistry and how can it improve my smile?

Dr. Marinic can perform a variety of cosmetic procedures to improve your smile—from subtle changes to major repairs.  There are many techniques and options to treat teeth that are discolored, chipped, misshapen, or missing.  Dr. Marinic can reshape your teeth, close spaces, restore worn teeth, or alter the length of your teeth.  Common procedures include teeth whitening, bonding (white fillings or composites), caps, crowns, veneers, and reshaping and contouring.

What is teeth whitening?White teeth

Teeth whitening is a common and popular chemical process used to lighten teeth.  Some people get their teeth whitened to make stains disappear, while others just want a brighter smile.  Discoloration, which occurs in the enamel, can be caused by medication, coffee, tea, and cigarettes.  Discoloration also can be due to your genetic make up or simply from aging.  Teeth whitening can be performed by Dr. Marinic in the office or, under dental supervision, at home.

What is bonding (white fillings or composites)?

Bonding is the use of tooth-colored material to fill in gaps or change the color of teeth.  Bonding lasts several years and often requires only a single office visit.  Bonding is more susceptible to Silver and white fillingsstaining or chipping than other forms of restoration.   When teeth are chipped or slightly decayed, bonded composite resins may be the material of choice.  Bonding also is used to fill small cavities, to close spaces between teeth, or to cover the entire outside surface of a tooth.

What are veneers?Veneers

Veneers are placed over the front teeth to change the color or shape of your teeth.  Veneers are used on teeth with uneven surfaces; on teeth that are chipped, discolored, oddly shaped, unevenly spaced, or crooked; or on teeth that already have large fillings placed.  Veneers are thin pieces of porcelain or plastic that are cemented over the front of your teeth.  Veneers are used to treat some of the same problems that bonding is used to treat.  Veneers also are an alternative to crowns.

What should I look for in a cosmetic dentist?

In order to make sure your dentist is skilled in cosmetic dentistry, the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD) recommends that you ask Dr. Marinic for the following items before undergoing treatment:

  • Before and after photos – These photos will allow you to examine the results of other patients being treated by Dr. Marinic to make sure his work fits your dental needs.
  • References – References allow you to get a sense of the quality of care the Dr. Marinic provides.
  • Proof of continuing education – Dr. Marinic has taken continuing education courses to keep him up-to-date with the latest techniques in clinical cosmetic dentistry.  Dr. Marinic can answer the questions you have about the techniques used to improve your smile.

Continuing Education – Is It Really Necessary?

Dentists learning and workingContinuing education (CE) is an important component of overall professional excellence for dentists and other health care professionals.  By choosing a general dentist who frequently participates in CE programs, like Dr. Marinic, you can trust that he is up-to-date in the field of dentistry and will provide your entire family with quality treatment.

What is CE?Students learning in dental school

CE consists of classes, courses, and organized learning programs.  Dentists participate in CE after they graduate from dental school so that they can stay up-to-date in their field and learn about the latest techniques and procedures, such as laser dentistry, cosmetic procedures, or sleep dentistry.  Some CE classes are free to the dentist, and others cost thousands of dollars.

Who is required to take CE?

Doctors, dentists, and psychologists are among the many professionals required to take predetermined amounts of CE to maintain licensure and certification so that they may continue to practice within a particular state or region. 

What are professional designations?

Professional designations are given by professional bodies and organizations as a means to apply professional standards, increase the level of practice, and better serve the public.  Attaining a professional designation usually requires the completion of specific training (via CE) and/or passing an exam.

What are Fellows of the AGD?Adult learning

A general dentist who has earned Fellowship in the AGD (FAGD) has completed a minimum of 500 FAGD-approved CE hours, passed a comprehensive exam, and has been an AGD member for three continuous years.  Dr. Marinic has earned this designation.

What are Masters of the AGD?

A general dentist who has earned Mastership in the AGD (MAGD) has completed a structured and demanding set of requirements.  After receiving their FAGD, these dentists must complete a challenging course of hands-on study in 16 dental disciplines, totaling 600 hours of CE, to earn their MAGD.  Dr. Marinic has completed 90% of his requirements to earn is Mastership in the AGD.

How do these award designations benefit me?

Dr. Marinic cares about the long-term oral health of you and your family and demonstrates that concern by participating in CE.  The general dentist who remains current in general dentistry is better able to offer you and your family a variety of diagnosis and treatment choices.

GERD – What is it good for? Absolutely Nothing

Man with heart burnMore than 10 percent of Americans experience the burning and discomfort of heartburn every day.  What many don’t know is that heartburn, or acid indigestion, is a common symptom of chronic acid reflux, also known as gastroesopheageal reflux disease (GERD).

What is acid reflux and GERD?

Acid reflux occurs when muscles of the lower esophagus relax and allow Digestive systemstomach acids to flow upwards into the esophagus and even the mouth.  These stomach acids can cause irritation and inflammation of the esophagus while negatively impacting your oral health.  Acid reflux may progress further, developing into GERD.  In patients who have GERD, the esophageal muscles are unable to keep stomach acids from flowing upwards, causing corrosion of the esophageal lining and the uncomfortable burning sensation associated with heartburn.

Signs and symptoms

Though often times difficult to detect, GERD can be associated with the following signs and symptoms:Woman coughing

  • Heartburn
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Regurgitation
  • Burning sensation in mouth
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea, vomiting, belching
  • Chronic coughing
  • Erosion of tooth enamel
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Chipping, discoloration of teeth
  • Bad breath

How does GERD affect your oral health?

Tooth erosionIn addition to damaging the esophagus and increasing your risk of esophageal cancer, over time GERD can erode tooth enamel.  Research indicates tooth enamel begins to erode at a pH, or acid level, of 5.5.  With a pH of less than 2.0, your stomach acid can easily damage tooth enamel and cause increased tooth sensitivity, decay, discoloration, and chipping.

Treatments and lifestyle modifications

GERD can be diagnosed by your physician using a variety of tests, including pH monitoring, X-rays, or endoscopy.  Though GERD is a chronic condition, its symptoms can be treated using medications and lifestyle modifications.  In addition to taking over-the-counter antacids and prescription H2 receptor blockers, you can reduce GERD symptoms by:

  • Avoiding trigger foods and beverages, including chocolate, spicy/greasyGreasy food foods, tomato-based foods, alcohol, and coffee
  • Quitting smoking
  • Refraining from eating several hours before bed, or lying down two to three hours after eating
  • Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
  • Avoiding tight clothing

Protect your teeth against acid reflux

Practicing good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent acid reflux or GERD from damaging your teeth and causing decay.  In addition to brushing twice a day, you can take the following steps to ensure GERD doesn’t impact your oral health:

  • Visit our dental office at least twice a year for tooth enamel evaluation
  • Use dentin-sensitive toothpaste
  • Rinse your mouth with water following acid reflux episodes
  • Do not brush your teeth for 60 minutes after consuming acidic foods or drinks
  • Dissolve baking soda in water and swish around the mouth after acid reflux occurs
  • Receive fluoride treatments to strengthen your teeth
  • Wear a dentist-prescribed mouth guard at night to prevent acid from damaging your teeth
  • Avoid over-the-counter antacids, especially at night, that have high sugar content

If you believe you may be at risk for acid reflux or GERD, speak with Dr. Marinic or your primary physician.  Though GERD can be incredibly damaging to your oral health, lifestyle modifications and treatment can help ensure your teeth remain safe and healthy.

This article has been modified from The Academy of General Dentistry.

 

Is Everything OK in Your Mouth?

Dorothy cleaningRegular dental exams not only help decrease your risk of oral diseases, such as cavities and gum (periodontal) disease, but may also help to diagnose other, sometimes life-threatening, medical conditions.  Dr. Marinic is an important part of your health care team.  He is able to assess your overall oral health and may recognize symptoms of serious diseases, including diabetes and cancer, which often manifest as signs and symptoms inside your mouth.  There are many diseases with oral manifestations that, in many cases, may first present in the mouth.

Diabetes

More than 25 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes. Diabetes is associated with high levels of blood sugar and is known to lower resistancGum diseasee to infection and increase the chance of the following:

  • Gum disease, including gums that bleed easily or are tender and swollen
  • Tooth decay
  • Taste impairment
  • Inflammatory skin disease
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Changes in teeth position

Additionally, patients with diabetes (especially those with dentures) are more likely to experience oral fungal infections, including thrush (oral candidiasis).

Oral cancer

During your regularly scheduled dental check up, Dr. Marinic will also search for signs of oral cancer.  Oral indicators of cancer include:Oral cancer

  • Sores that bleed easily or do not heal
  • Crusted, rough areas of skin
  • Lumps or thick hard spots
  • Red, brown, or white patches
  • Changes in the lymph nodes or other tissues around the mouth and neck
  • Tenderness or pain, numbness inside the mouth
  • Changes in the way the teeth fit together

While Dr. Marinic will check all his patients for these signs and symptoms, patients with a history of smoking, using smokeless tobacco, or drinking heavily are at an increased risk for developing oral cancer.

Eating disorders

Eating disorderEating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, physically damage both your oral and overall health.  These disorders, which include patterns of insufficient food intake or excessive food intake with purging, can rob the body of much needed vitamins and minerals.  These vitamin and mineral deficiencies can present themselves orally.   Without proper nutrition, the gums can lose their healthy pink color and become increasingly soft and tender, bleeding easily.

Additionally, disorders that involve excessive vomiting, such as bulimia, can cause discoloration and erosion of the teeth through constant contact with stomach acid. Those with eating disorders may also experience:

  • Swollen salivary glands
  • Dry mouth
  • Thin, sensitive teeth
  • Loss of tooth enamel

Alcohol use disorders

Alcohol use disorders affect more than 17 million adults in the United StatesAlcoholic beverages alone.  In addition to causing irreparable social and medical problems, alcohol use disorders can severely impact your oral health.  Dentists treating patients with alcohol abuse problems may observe the following signs and symptoms:

  • Tooth decay
  • Tooth erosion
  • Moderate to severe gingivitis (gum disease)
  • Gum irregularities
  • Poor dental hygiene

Be proactive about your oral health

Diseases that negatively impact your general health also can damage your teeth, gums, and mouth.  Regularly scheduled dental exams allow Dr. Marinic to detect or monitor these diseases and recommend treatment.  Patients should inform Dr. Marinic about all medical conditions they have or medicines they are taking, which may affect their oral health.  Remember, maintaining a healthy body includes taking care of your oral health.

Hormones and Women’s Oral Health

What do hormones have to do with a woman’s oral health?5 generations of women

Hormonal changes occur throughout a woman’s life, and with these hormonal changes come changes in oral health.  Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause all can have an effect on a woman’s oral health.  The use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) can affect a woman’s oral health as well.

When might I notice changes in my oral health?

During puberty, fluctuations in hormones can make gums morTeenage girle susceptible to gingivitis. As a result, the gums may appear red and swollen, and they can bleed.  During menstruation, women who have a tendency to develop canker sores and cold sores may develop a pattern in which these sores recur during every menstrual cycle.

Woman holding newbornDuring pregnancy, gingivitis may develop.  In fact, gingivitis is the most common oral condition associated with being pregnant. Sometimes, however, women will avoid dental checkups for fear that treatment might harm the developing baby.  In truth, untreated gum infections and decayed teeth can put a mother and her baby at risk. Dental infections may be responsible for as much as 5 percent of low-birth-weight pre-term babies.  Pregnant women need routine checkups.  Always tell Dr. Marinic and his team if you are pregnant.

Some women also experience dry mouth while pregnant.  Taking frequentPregnant woman brushing teeth sips of water and chewing sugarless gum or candy can help alleviate this symptom.  Women who experience morning sickness need to brush their teeth more frequently than twice a day.  This will help to prevent stomach acids from contacting the teeth and causing permanent damage to tooth enamel. 

The use of oral contraceptives may cause gum tissue changes in some women.  Women who use birth control pills may also be more prone to healing problems or dry socket after tooth extraction. 

Older woman smilingDuring menopause, women may experience oral changes that include pain, a burning sensation in the oral tissue, changes in taste, and dry mouth.  After menopause, there is an increased risk of developing osteoporosis, which may increase the chance of tooth loss.

How can I maintain good oral health throughout my life?

  • Brush twice daily with toothpaste containing fluoride and floss once daily
  • Have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined by your dentist every six months (or more frequently if recommended by your dentist)
  • Eat a well-balanced diet, and always tell Dr. Marinic and his team about any medications, vitamins, and supplements that you are taking

Ask Dr. Marinic any questions that you have about your oral health.  Together, you and Dr. Marinic can create a treatment and prevention plan that specifically meets your needs.

Not All General Dentist’s are Created Equal

What is the Academy of General Dentistry?

academy_of_general_dentistry_60143The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) is a professional association of more than 37,000 general dentists from the United States and Canada.  Founded in 1952, the AGD has grown to become the second largest dental association in the United States.  It’s the only association that exclusively represents the needs and interests of general dentists.  The AGD Headquarters office is located in Chicago, Ill.

What is a general dentist?

General dentists are the primary dental care providers for patients of all Dr. Marinic talking to patientages. They can provide overall oral health care for you and your family.  Your general dentist, Dr. Marinic, manages the diagnosis, treatment, and overall coordination of services to meet your oral health needs.  If you need a dental procedure performed by a specialist (endodontist, periodontist, oral and maxillofacial surgeon, etc…) Dr. Marinic, as your general dentist, will work with other dentists to make sure you get the care you need.

How does Dr. Marinic’s membership in the AGD benefit you?

Dentists learningDr. Marinic cares about long term dental health for you and your family and demonstrates that concern by belonging to the AGD.  AGD members are dedicated to continuing education to help them stay up-to-date on the latest procedures to provide you and your family with quality treatment.  Dr. Marinic remains current in general dentistry and is better able to offer you and your family a variety of diagnosis’ and treatment choices.

What are the requirements to become an AGD member?AGD Impact

Members never stop learning since the AGD requires its members to participate in at least 75 hours of continuing education every three years. Despite the requirement, however, surveys show that AGD members average more than 40 hours each year.  Dr. Marinic averages more than 50 hours each year.

What is Fellowship in the AGD?

To earn a Fellowship Award in the AGD (FAGD), Dr. Marinic had to complete a minimum of 500 continuing dental education credit hours, pass a comprehensive exam, and have been an AGD member for three continuous years.  After membership_l1receiving his Fellowship, Dr. Marinic was able to publicize his award by adding the FAGD designation to his name.

What is Mastership in the AGD?

Dr. Marinic is now on his way to attaining a Mastership Award in the AGD (MAGD).  He must earn an additional 600 approved continuing dental education credits, meeting minimum requirements in certain dental disciplines, of which 400 hours are hands-on courses.  He is 90% of the way there.  After receiving Mastership, Dr. Marinic may publicize his award by adding the MAGD designation to his or her name.

Dry Mouth Solutions

Woman biting into hamburgerSaliva production is important, not only for the digestion of the food we eat, but also to cleanse and moisten our mouths.  Saliva is also important to help prevent infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth.  We don’t think much about what would happen if we did not have enough saliva production, but it affects thousands of people every day.  The majority of us produce enough saliva to prevent any problems, but what happens if we are unable to produce enough saliva?

When we are unable to produce enough, our mouth gets dry (xerostomia) and uncomfortable.  Is it a condition we are destined to live with, or are their effective treatments for a dry mouth?

Let’s look at some of the causes of dry mouth:

  • Certain medicationsPill bottles
  • Certain diseases
  • Certain medical treatments
  • Nerve damage
  • Dehydration
  • Surgical removal of salivary glands
  • Smoking

Woman holding throatCommon symptoms of dry mouth may include:

  • A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth
  • Frequent thirst
  • Sores in the mouth; sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth; cracked lips
  • A dry feeling in the throat
  • A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth and especially on the tongue
  • A dry, red, raw tongue
  • Problems speaking or difficulty tasting, chewing, and swallowing
  • Hoarseness, dry nasal passages, sore throat
  • Bad breath

Woman talking to doctorIf you think your dry mouth is caused by certain medication you are taking, talk to your primary physician.  They may adjust the dose you are taking or switch you to a different drug that doesn’t cause dry mouth.  In addition, an oral rinse to restore mouth moisture may be prescribed.  If that doesn’t help a medication that stimulates saliva production may be prescribed.

Other steps you can take that may help improve saliva flow include:Ice water

  • Sucking on sugar-free candy or chewing sugar-free gum
  • Drinking plenty of water to help keep your mouth moist
  • Protecting your teeth by brushing with a fluoride toothpaste, using a fluoride rinse, and visiting your dentist regularly
  • Breathing through your nose, not your mouth, as much as possible
  • Using a room vaporizer to add moisture to the bedroom air
  • Using an over-the-counter artificial saliva substitute

If dry mouth is a problem, there are solutions.  Talk to our team of service professionals at your next visit and we will be happy to help you.

Dentistry at It’s High Tech Finest

What does Hi-Tech dentistry mean to you?  Digital radiographs, 3-D imaging, white fillings, one-day crowns?  We have all heard the phrase used time and time again for different industries.  To the lay person, does hi-tech dentistry just mean that their dentist uses a  drill, not knowing that there are electric drills, high speed drills, etc…? Or that their hygienist uses a cavitron that uses water to help take off tarter and stain rather than just hand instruments?  Are all new technologies in dentistry worth the investment?

Daniel K. Marinic, DDS is a pioneer in the Evanston, Wilmette and North Shore community area on dental technology.  In 1996, Dr. Marinic lead the way in the use of CEREC “one visit crowns.”                                Benefit to the patient:  One visit to the dentist to prepare and place the crown

Dr. Marinic became the first dentist in 2007 to install the3D imaging Galileos Cone Beam 3D imager as a tool for diagnosis and treatment planning for those considering dental implants.  Benefit to the patient:  Dr. Marinic and the patient are able to see all the landmarks (major arteries, nerves and sinus’) in the mouth along with the amount of bone surrounding a possible implant, not just a 2-D image that may not show enough bone to hold an implant which could mean implant failure.

Dental imlant 3-D scanHe also uses SiCAT Guides, an innovative computer-aided design system to plan his patient’s dental implant surgery.  Benefit to the patient:  The dental implant is placed precisely in the right place possibly preventing complications.  Benefit to the patient:  The dental implant is placed precisely in the right place, possibly preventing complications.                                                                                                                    Taking out amalgam on patient

When removing mercury-containing amalgam fillings, Dr. Marinic uses the highest quality air filtration system from IQAir, a Swiss-based company with demonstrated high filtration efficiency.  Benefit to the patient:  This system provides safety for both doctor and patient when the toxic gases are released.

The Sirolase laser can be used to improve a “gummy” smile, to treat minor periodontal disease, and to treat cold sores.  Dr. Marinic has been using a soft-tissue laser for over 15 years.  Benefit to the patient:   The laser provides patients with a comfortable alternative to gum surgery, all without the scalpel, sutures and pain associated with traditional gum treatment and when caught early, cold sores do not appear.

Intraoral cameras are tiny digital cameras that fit comfortably in your mouth.  Dr. Marinic can see and magnify even the hard to reach places in your mouth, so that he can see exactly what is going on and show his patient’s what is going on as well.  A crack in a tooth can be seen with an intraoral camera, but not with an x-ray.  Benefit to the patient:  Earlier diagnosis of trouble spots in the mouth that can be compared visit to visit.

Digital X-Rays are a useful diagnostic tool when helping Dr. Marinic detect damage and disease between the teeth and below the gumline which are not visible during a dental exam.  Digital x-rays are stored in the computer and can be shared with specialists through email.  Benefit to the patient:  Dr. Marinic can enlarge the x-ray and alter the contrast of the x-ray to show minute details allowing him to find small defects the old film x-rays could not provide.

Technology is a wonderful aid in dentistry when used by a skilled technician.  Contact us today to see what benefits technology can bring to your smile.